The contempt expression, one of my favourites, easy to spot and very accurate across ages and cultures. FACS codes here.
- Lip up in one corner
- FACS Code 12 and 14
- Eyes glares
- Eyebrows down and together
- Mouth either open showing teeth or tight and thin
- FACS Code 4, 5 and/or 7, 22, 23, 24
We’ll look at the 7 main expressions and then apply it to examples seen in the press. FACS codes refer to here.
- Eyelids wide open
- Eyebrows raised
- Mouth stretching the jaw
- FACS Code 1, 2, 5, 25 or 26
Some statistics from Women’s Aid Federation and Scottish Women’s Aid.
- 1 in 4 UK women experience abuse in a relationship.
- 1 in 5 Scottish women will be the victim of domestic abuse.
- Over half of the reported rapes are from partners or previous partners.
It is common that many abusers a deceptive and mannerisms, which could potentially give them away, will be subtle.
Abusers often will make themselves look bigger in front of women, thrusting chest out, head raised and can maintain piercing eye contact. Talking to others, who are below him in social standing such as a bartender, can be condescending. Socially awkward and will back away in groups of people.
Some people have reported that due to their superiority complex they will appear arrogant and display gestures such as jumping queues and anger gestures such as shaking fists. Statements will often refer to the couple as a singular so will contain ‘I’ and ‘me’ instead of ‘we’.
Several indicators are known as Manipulators, Adaptors or Pacifiers (MAPS). These are unknown signals displayed by someone to show anxiety or stress.
Touching a body part, focussed mainly above the shoulder line is a classic sign of MAPs. If you see this in a public speaker or a leader figure then it could be that the anxiety is deception related. Top or back of the head is a sign of anxiety. But the face, neck or side of head is touched it’s also anxiety but also deception too.
Picture to the left shows someone rubbing behind their ears, which is a classic MAP signal.
Another example of this is when someone scratches the cleft area between the lip and the nose. This is a sign of disbelief in something that has just been said.
If these manipulators come up during a conversation then be wary as it’s usually a sign of deception. But be careful, the gesture must be in context so for example if its a windy day and the hair blows and tickles the ear then use common sense.
Ok so I’ve sat on the fence with regards to the disappearance of Madeleine McCann and was asked by several people to evaluate some of the videos currently out there. First point, and must be stressed, is that either way they have lost their daughter so signs of anxiety and potentially anger maybe misplaced and are representative of what they are feeling towards accusers.
Within the first 4 seconds of the video the interviewer displays signs of aggression, although this doesn’t come across verbally in terms of the tone of the question so its difficult to get an accurate base reading of whether she is normally like this. Eyebrows are pulled down and together in the centre, the mouth is open displaying both rows of teeth – classic signs but the tone of the question is calm and clear so these could just be mannerisms of the interviewee.
On 5 seconds the camera moves over towards the couple and Kate has her eyes closed for a fairly long period. Either this is a sign that she is a visual person and “visually thinking” about the question put across, or, this is a way of blocking out something that she is not happy with hearing.
13 – 14 Seconds in illustrates the biggest gesture I’ve seen using a MAP (Manipulator). The touching of the ear briefly is a sign that his body doesn’t believe what he is saying. Not only that but he shakes his head in disagreement when the words come out so, again, another subconscious gesture that his body doesn’t believe what he is saying. Not only that but he also closes his eyes. (see 5 seconds in section above). Another contradiction appears verbally, and really doesn’t make sense, stating “I cant comment on that” but [didn’t give] “her any type of sedative drug”. Potentially he could’ve put it as “I don’t want to say anymore than…” and this could be down to being interviewed on national TV.
During this question it wouldve been interested to hear what Kate had to say as briefly she looked down and to the right illustrating an AI eye position (Auditory Internal) which is the internal monologue when Gerry is mentioning about “cooperating with police” so maybe this is a conversation she has had with the police already or a conversation with regards to this matter.
On 20 Seconds, right towards the clip finishing, Gerry pauses, closes his eyes for a long period of time, he seems to swallow hard, a sign of anxiety or nerves, when he then opens his eyes they appear to be pointing down and to the left. This is remembering a sensation such as an old smell or touch. As he then continues to talk about fully cooperating with police he shakes his head, a clear gesture that his body doesn’t agree with that statement.
Its a short video, 24 seconds in length, but gestures only take a fraction of a second. Remember that this video doesn’t give a baseline reading of the people in the video and the interpretation of the video is my own.